Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher
My rating: 5 of 5 stars
Thirteen Reasons Why (2007) by Jay Asher is a controversial book because of its story covering the thirteen significant events which lead to Hannah Baker taking her own life. When the young adult novel begins, Hannah has already committed suicide (so the outcome is clear and permanent) and the protagonist, Clay Jensen, must listen to cassette tapes that Hannah (his love interest) made before she killed herself, and on these tapes Hannah explains her reasoning for why she decided to end her life far too soon.
Before we get into what makes this young adult book an international bestseller, we (as educated readers) must first recognize the importance of all human life, and how fragile human life and how powerful words can be for men and women in varied circumstances around the world. Many of the reasons Hannah list as part of her reasoning to kill herself include bullying from her peers in high school, a fragile time when young adults are trying to come to terms with identity, sexual orientation, and their personal destiny.
Some young adults never grow out of this period of their lives and struggle with their identity, sexual orientation, and personal destiny even into late adulthood (which is truly sad).
Even in the news there are countless cases of bullying, face-to-face and on social media. Keaton Jones was attacked by bullies who “made fun of the way he looks, poured milk on him, put ham down his clothes” and Keaton went on to say that “he had no friends” (read more at USA Today).
This is no laughing matter. And one must ask: where are those students who will stand up for the meek and defend those in need? A moral crisis (as one can see with the #MeToo campaign) has long overtaken America and its citizens, of all ages and of all races and of varied levels of wealth.
August Ames, a porn star whose real name is Mercedes Grabowski, took her own life after she was attacked on Twitter (read more at Rolling Stone).
At one point, August accumulated fame, fortune, and over 600,000 Twitter followers before the fan-culture turned on her in 21st century mob fashion known as “cyberbullying.” (We should also be reminded that no matter who a person is or what a person does for her career, love and respect need to be priority number one. It isn’t what a person does but how a person will be remembered that matters.) August was a human being who simply needed love and not hate at a time in her life when she lost all hope for seeing one more day.
Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher handles the very issue of memory and how Hannah Baker wishes to be remembered, and she wants everyone to know the truth—no matter how bad it hurts for others who must listen to the tapes and to Hannah’s final goodbye:
“So thank you, Justin. Sincerely. My very first kiss was wonderful. And for the month or so that we lasted, and everywhere that we went, the kisses were wonderful. You were wonderful.
“But then you started bragging.
“A week went by and I heard nothing. But eventually, as they always will, the rumors reached me. And everyone knows you can’t disprove a rumor.
“A rumor based on a kiss ruined a memory that I hoped would be special. A rumor based on a kiss started a reputation that other people believed in and reacted to. And, sometimes, a rumor based on a kiss has a snowball effect.
“A rumor, based on a kiss, is just the beginning” (pgs 30-31).
Rumors spread about Hannah throughout the book and she, on the tapes, attempts to clarify the truth from the untruth—and it is heartbreaking (you can even watch the plot unfold on the hit Netflix show with the same name as the book: “13 Reasons Why”).
Hannah also gives some advice along the way to anyone (especially in Hollywood) who wasn’t raised with common sense enough to know better:
“Here’s a tip. If you touch a girl, even as a joke, and she pushes you off, leave…her…alone. Don’t touch her. Anywhere! Your touch does nothing but sicken her” (p 52).
Hannah, whose voice comes out of the past and breaks the barrier of present day, lays her heart and soul on the tapes for Clay to listen to and follow a map that marks each of the events that changed Hannah’s life, among so many other lives. Each tape is dedicated to a different person and it is up to each person alone to listen to Hannah on all the tapes (thereby the involved individuals knowing exactly what the others have done to Hannah) or the tapes will be made public by a mysterious person who follows Clay throughout the book.
The thing about rumors is that rumors and gossip have power because they can neither be proved or disproved and often such rumors, for that very reason, remain hidden in the casual face-to-face, behind-the-back kind of talk no one likes to admit to at the end of the day—except, that is, for Hannah:
“She closed her eyes and said my name in almost a whisper. ‘Hannah.’
“Do you remember that, Jessica? Because I do.
“When someone says your name like that, when they won’t even look you in the eyes, there is nothing more you can do or say. Their mind is made up.
“‘Hannah,’ you said. ‘I know the rumors.’
“‘You can’t know the rumors,’ I said. And maybe I was being a little sensitive, but I had hoped—silly me—that there would be no more rumors when my family moved here. That I had left the rumors and gossip behind me… for good. ‘You can hear rumors,’ I said, ‘but you can’t know them’” (pgs 65-66).
Thirteen Reasons Why and its final plot (a young girl taking her own life) is similar to Shakespeare’s play Romeo & Juliet, and for that reason alone is why this book should be fine for young adults and should not be censored or banned from bookstores or libraries. After all, Romeo and Juliet, these infamous star-crossed lovers who killed themselves, have been around for centuries with young adults and adults pining away for lost loves, for second chances, and for things to be better than they were before.
Thirteen Reasons Why, however, would be ideal for classroom and/or group discussions where young adults can openly discuss, consider, argue, criticize, reflect, judge, and weigh the issues presented in this wonderful book by Jay Asher. After all, the book has been around since 2007 and will be around for many, many years to come.
One final note, though: no matter what, no matter how dark and depressing and discouraging life appears to be, how small and how final the events make you feel, how bleak and how tragic you believe the world to be, always remember this:
You never know what beautiful things may come in the next day when the new sun rises.
Please, keep reading and keep smiling.
The American novelist CG FEWSTON has been a Visiting Scholar at the American Academy in Rome (Italy), a Visiting Fellow at Hong Kong’s CityU, & he’s a been member of the Hemingway Society, Americans for the Arts, PEN America, Club Med, & the Royal Society of Literature. He’s also a been Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) based in London.
He’s the author of several short stories and novels. His works include A Father’s Son (2005), The New America: A Collection (2007), The Mystic’s Smile ~ A Play in 3 Acts (2007), Vanity of Vanities (2011), A Time to Love in Tehran (2015), Little Hometown, America (2020); A Time to Forget in East Berlin (2022), and Conquergood & the Center of the Intelligible Mystery of Being (2023).
He has a B.A. in English, an M.Ed. in Higher Education Leadership (honors), an M.A. in Literature (honors), and an M.F.A. in Creative Writing & Fiction. He was born in Texas in 1979.
A TIME TO FORGET IN EAST BERLIN
BREW Book Excellence Award Winner
BREW Readers’ Choice Award Winner
“A spellbinding tale of love and espionage set under the looming shadow of the Berlin Wall in 1975… A mesmerising read full of charged eroticism.”
~ Ian Skewis, Associate Editor for Bloodhound Books, & author of best-selling novel A Murder of Crows (2017)
“An engrossing story of clandestine espionage… a testament to the lifestyle encountered in East Berlin at the height of the Cold War.”
~ Lone Star Literary Life Magazine
“There is no better way for readers interested in Germany’s history and the dilemma and cultures of the two Berlins to absorb this information than in a novel such as this, which captures the microcosm of two individuals’ love, relationship, and options and expands them against the blossoming dilemmas of a nation divided.”
~ D. Donovan, Senior Reviewer, Midwest Book Review
“A Time to Forget in East Berlin is a dream-like interlude of love and passion in the paranoid and violent life of a Cold War spy. The meticulous research is evident on every page, and Fewston’s elegant prose, reminiscent of novels from a bygone era, enhances the sensation that this is a book firmly rooted in another time.”
~ Matthew Harffy, prolific writer & best-selling historical fiction author of the “Bernicia Chronicles” series
“Vivid, nuanced, and poetic…”
“Fewston avoids familiar plot elements of espionage fiction, and he is excellent when it comes to emotional precision and form while crafting his varied cast of characters.”
“There’s a lot to absorb in this book of hefty psychological and philosophical observations and insights, but the reader who stays committed will be greatly rewarded.”
“Readers of The Catcher in the Rye and similar stories will relish the astute, critical inspection of life that makes Little Hometown, America a compelling snapshot of contemporary American life and culture.”
“Fewston employs a literary device called a ‘frame narrative’ which may be less familiar to some, but allows for a picture-in-picture result (to use a photographic term). Snapshots of stories appear as parts of other stories, with the introductory story serving as a backdrop for a series of shorter stories that lead readers into each, dovetailing and connecting in intricate ways.”
~ D. Donovan, Senior Reviewer, Midwest Book Review
“The American novelist CG FEWSTON tells a satisfying tale, bolstered by psychology and far-ranging philosophy, calling upon Joseph Campbell, J. D. Salinger, the King James Bible, and Othello.”
“In this way, the author lends intellectual heft to a family story, exploring the ‘purity’ of art, the ‘corrupting’ influences of publishing, the solitary artist, and the messy interconnectedness of human relationships.”
~ Lone Star Literary Life Magazine
GOLD Winner in the 2020 Human Relations Indie Book Awards for Contemporary Realistic Fiction
FINALIST in the SOUTHWEST REGIONAL FICTION category of the 14th Annual National Indie Excellence 2020 Awards (NIEA)
“Fewston’s lyrical, nostalgia-steeped story is told from the perspective of a 40-year-old man gazing back on events from his 1980s Texas childhood…. the narrator movingly conveys and interprets the greater meanings behind childhood memories.”
“The novel’s focus on formative childhood moments is familiar… the narrator’s lived experiences come across as wholly personal, deeply felt, and visceral.”
American Novelist CG FEWSTON
This is my good friend, Nicolasa (Nico) Murillo, CRC, who is a professional chef & a wellness mentor. I’ve known her since childhood & I’m honored to share her story with you. In life, we all have ups & downs, some far more extreme than others. Much like in Canada, in America, the legalization of marijuana has become a national movement, which includes safe & legal access to cannabis (marijuana) for therapeutic use & research for all.
“This is a wellness movement,” Nico explains. The wellness movement is focused on three specific areas: information, encouragement, & accountability.
In these stressful & unprecedented times, it makes good sense to promote & encourage the state or condition of being in good physical & mental health.
To learn more you can visit: Americans For Safe Access & Texans for Safe Access, ASA (if you are in Texas).
The mission of Americans for Safe Access (ASA) is to ensure safe and legal access to cannabis (marijuana) for therapeutic use and research.
TEXANS FOR SAFE ACCESS ~ share the mission of their national organization, Americans for Safe Access (ASA), which is to ensure safe and legal access to cannabis (marijuana) for therapeutic use and research, for all Texans.
Stay safe & stay happy. God bless.
Nico Murillo Bio ~ Americans & Texans for Safe Access ~ Medical Cannabis
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